As people age, the body can start to have more health trouble. Older people start to find that they can’t do things that they once could or that certain conditions have become worse. Unfortunately, aging can also begin to increase the risk for certain health conditions, such as cancer. Old age can increase the risk for several types of cancer, with one of the most common of these being prostate cancer.
Of course, prostate cancer only affects men, as women do not have a prostate. There are many things that older men should be aware of regarding prostate cancer to help prevent it and catch it early if it does show up.
The Symptoms and Signs of Prostate Cancer
The first thing for older men to know is the signs of prostate cancer. This way, they can identify when potential issues do show up and can get them checked out by their doctor right away. The signs of prostate cancer include:
Frequent Urination, especially during the night
Pain during urination
Weak urine stream
Problems starting to urinate
Back, hip, or pelvic pain that does not subside
Feeling that bladder is not empty
Problems starting urination
While the above signs can be concerning, men need to know that other conditions can cause these symptoms as well. When men notice these symptoms, they should always consult with their doctor. This way, the exact cause can be found and properly treated.
Stages of Cancer in Prostate
If a man is diagnosed with cancer in prostate tissue, then one of the next steps will be determining how much it has progressed. Just like other types of cancer classification, this is done using stages. Note: there are also sub-stages for some of the main stages (not included here) that help to better classify particular cases. The stages of prostate cancer are:
Cancer is only on one side of the prostate, grows slowly, and has not reached the lymph nodes.
Cancer may be only on one or both sides. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) may be used to help diagnose or determine the extent of cancer. A PSA test measures proteins that are produced by normal and cancerous prostate cells. A higher PSA level can indicate that there is prostate cancer or that it has gotten worse. It is important to note that PSA levels can vary between people and a higher level can also be caused by other conditions as well.
Cancer may be on one or both sides of the prostate. Depending on the substage, it may or may not have spread outside of the prostate to nearby tissues, but not to the lymph nodes.
Cancer has spread into nearby lymph nodes, and in the later substage, may have spread to further away lymph nodes, bones, or organs.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Fortunately, due to early detection methods and intervention, prostate cancer has a high survivability and curability rate. When detected early through regular medical checkups, tests, and patient reports, prostate cancer can often be treated very effectively. The type of prostate cancer treatment can vary depending on the stage of cancer, age and health of the individual, and accessibility. Treatment may be one or a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Looking for Senior Living Services?
For those searching for senior living services, Symphony Senior Living is here to help. We have multiple facilities in Canada that are ready and able to accommodate virtually any senior and their needs. If you have any questions about our services or facilities, please reach out at 437-214-1608.